How To Improve Your Topsoil
A short and helpful guide
Adding Nutrients and Improving Soil Structure
How to Improve Clay Soil
Clay soil is heavier and chunky, and it needs to be broken down as it does not drain very well. One way you can break it up is by raking it with manure.
This helps with drainage by ‘opening up’ the soil, while also fertilising the soil in the process. Some gardeners prefer to use gypsum or, in the case of acidic soils, dolomite (calcium and magnesium).
Adding Nutrients to Your Soil
There are many other ways to improve quality and add nutrition to your topsoil. Among the most popular choices are:
- Leaf mould – excellent for adding nutrients and also improves drainage, but it can be difficult to collect enough so it is often used with other soil improvers.
- Seaweed mulch – a black soil-like mix that looks great but also contains almost everything that plants need to thrive. May need to be covered by bark mulch in dry areas to prevent evaporation.